Deer resistant. Both grow 10 to 15 feet (3-5 m.) tall with a similar width, and have bright red fall colors. Good erosion control plant as it spreads by root suckers forming colonies and thickets. You can differentiate the species by the fact that the branches of staghorn sumac have a furry texture. Apiarists use the dried drupes as fuel in bee smokers. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and staghorn sumac (R. typhina) are the most common and readily available landscape species. Mammals also make use of this shrub as rabbits, moose and deer browse on the leaves and twigs. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. These are the clusters that encapsualte the fruits. Sumac is a powdered dyestuff from the bark of the sumac tree. By the second week after basal bark treatment, the leaves are starting to wilt. TOLL FREE: 1-800-596-0550 | EMAIL: SALES@GSDYE.COM . See also Poisonous plants. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and staghorn sumac (R. typhina) are the most common and readily available landscape species. Similar species: In the autumn these leaves turn a bright red color. Sumac trees are very easy to grow and maintain. Wild sumac is easily identified in autumn by its bright red compound leaves and cluster of red berries that form in a cone shape. Staghorn sumac is dioecious, meaning that it has individually male and female plants. The leaves, berries, flowers, and branches are all used in the production of dyes. Providing environmental services across Ontario. Photo by Chris Earley. Interestingly enough, this is the same genus that contains poison ivy and poison oak, a couple of low-growing plants with leaves of three that are potential skin irritants (hence their genus name derived from the Greek toxicon (poison) and dendron (tree). (519) 824-4120 ext. Plus there is the added healthful psychological boost of knowing that this local tree that provides a tasty, seasonal drink, as well as a spice, has been used by millions of people for thousands of years. Sumac, as it is used in a culinary context, is the berry part of a sumac tree or shrub, of which there are about 35 species deriving from the genus Rhus. Habitat: Grows in open dry woods, clearings, banks, and rocky and sandy areas. Shaping by pruning may be necessary. Poison sumac grows to be 6 to 20 feet high. They also persist through most of winter. Its forked branches are covered with furry rust-red colored hairs, much like a stag’s antlers. Ontario Trees and Shrubs. Fruit provides a source of food for many birds and woodland mammals. This is NOT sumac. Excellent fall color and distinctive red fruit. Sumac is a wild plant that provides a nutritional drink and is easy to locate. The leaves and fruit were boiled down to make ink and dried leaves were used for smoking. Photo by Chris Earley. Deer resistant. Sumacs send up shoots that are easy to cut back if unwanted. Sumac Tree Uses. Staghorn Sumac is often planted as an ornamental due to the lovely fruit clusters and beautiful autumn foliage. It is used as a ground cover, and an excellent shrub for stabilizing banks and slopes. Within two to three weeks after treatment the sumac plant is dead. 504 pp. Poison Sumac. In Canada poison sumac is distributed in southern Ontario and southern Quebec. William Cullina of the New England Wild Flower Society recommends in his book Native Trees, Shrubs & Vines to gather berries in the fall or early winter and let them air dry for a few days. Soak berries in cold water for up to 24 hours and then strain to make a refreshing drink or a gargle for sore throats. The Spruce / Autumn Wood Poison sumac now bears the Latin name Toxicodendron vernix, replacing the older name, Rhus vernix. Sumac (Rhus spp.) Sumac (Rhus) trees and shrubs are native to many parts of the U.S. and grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 … Sumac tea falls into that category. Dwarf Cherry trees come in two … These berries have a fuzzy look and feel. Distinctive features: Shrub; Sumac, grows in wet areas. It is a small tree or shrub that grows up to about six metres high. Staghorn Sumac - 1 Year Old. The bark, leaves and fruit are all rich with tannin and thus used to tan hides. Staghorn Sumac is an open multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. It likes lots of sun and tolerates most soil types, including poor dry areas. The dried drupes of certain sumac species, when ground become purple in color, and are used as a spice in Mediterranean and Arab cuisines. College Ave East Good erosion control plant as it spreads by root suckers forming colonies and thickets. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which can make it a great accent feature on this basis alone. Humans have enjoyed sumac berries, which have a zingy lemon taste when picked at their peak, typically in late summer or early fall. How to Identify Poison Sumac . // ]]>. Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. The leaves, berries, flowers, and branches are all used in the production of dyes. ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); Sharing a genus with poison sumac (Rhus vernix) has unnecessarily blackballed staghorn sumac (R. typhina) from inclusion in many landscape plans. The dried drupes of certain sumac species, when ground become purple in color, and are used as a spice in Mediterranean and Arab cuisines. 10 inches) diameter. Edmonton. Staghorn Sumac thickets provide shelter and food for many birds and mammals such as deer, moose, rabbits, grouse and pheasants. A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a given plant is capable of growing. Shining sumac, dwarf sumac, winged sumac (R. copallina). Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. Sumac Tree is a small tree commonly used as a decorative piece in landscapes or gardens. You can get a rash from allowing your skin to brush up against poison sumac, even in winter. This large shrub has compound leaves, meaning each leaf is composed of several leaflets. Fruit clusters are long and tight, and covered with the same velvety fur. Staghorn sumac ( Rhus typhina ), at top, has fuzzy fruit and stems and is named “staghorn” because the fuzzy fruit spike resembles a stag’s horn in velvet. This little tree is native to temperate and subtropical zones across the world. (Caution: We are not recommending the use of these plants for medicinal or food purposes. If the drink is too sharp for your taste buds, add a little maple syrup, but keep the gargle pure. Sumac is a shrub or small tree that is common to much of the Great Lakes region and Michigan. “It’s the dried, ground up fruit,” explains Frisch. Staghorn Sumac Tree Facts. Staghorn sumac is dioecious, meaning that it has individually male and female plants. All Rights Reserved. The berries of staghorn sumac are used to make lemonade. 3. Please visit our COVID-19 page for our changes in operation and safety protocols. The leaves of the staghorn resemble those of the poison sumac belonging to the Toxicodendron genus and found in pockets of southern Ontario and Quebec in wet places. Similar Images . However its leaflets are notched, especially at the base, and the tree produces seeds instead of a fruit spike. These leaflets hang down, have serrations (teeth) along the edges. Fitzhenry & Whiteside Ltd. Toronto. Leaves of the sumac are a green color and arranged in a spiral formation. ga('create', 'UA-3780889-1', 'auto', {'allowLinker': true}); Staghorn sumacs grow to three to six metres tall. Appearance: Low shrub of one to 1.8 metres tall with three leaflets that are aromatic when crushed between fingers. Bright green summer leaves can grow up to 2 feet long and have a bold texture. Fragrant Sumac is a slow growing shrub that typically grows 2-4 meters tall. [Online] Available: www.ontariotrees.com, OMNR, 2011. includes numerous species of deciduous or evergreen shrubs or trees that are sometimes prized for reddish fall foliage, attractiveness to birds, … Hardiness zones are based largely on climate, particularly minimum temperatures. Wild sumac is easily identified in autumn by its bright red compound leaves and cluster of red berries that form in a cone shape. 1 Gallon 5 Gallon 15 Gallon; Cassia Artemisiodes: 5.75: 16.50 Cassia Outback 16.50 Golden Medallion 27.50: 47.50: Calla Lily-White: 5.75: 13.75 Calla Lily-Colors Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. [CDATA[ Similar leaf structure to poison ivy. 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